Vitality CBD presents: CBD Cast - CBD Explained
Welcome to the first Vitality CBD Presents, a series where we transcribe podcasts from across the industry to provide you with a more rounded view of CBD, and to provide greater accessibility for deaf CBD users. We believe that the more we share information on CBD, or cannabidiol, the better.
Our first pick is a podcast called CBD Cast, featuring Dan Richards. We chose this one since it offers an easy way to pick up all the CBD basics, potential CBD effects and a wide overview of cannabidiol. We may disagree with him on CBD dosage, but it’s great to offer differing opinions from CBD experts!
Dan Richards: Alright, good afternoon, good morning, good evening, whatever time it is you're listening to this, welcome aboard. This is the CBD Cast. My name is Dan Richards and welcome to another episode.
Right, today it's just me flyin' solo. Well the reason for this particular episode is despite what I feel is the market exploding, the number of questions I get, and the numbers of questions I see on social media, even the lovable rogue that is James Smith within the fitness industry, doesn't really know a huge amount about CBD.
I imagine that would mean that tons of you guys haven't got a clue of what CBD is, but probably keep hearing about it. Probably want to know a little bit more about it. This episode really is just about what is CBD!
I'm gonna start off with, let's just go back a little step and talk about the plant itself. There is a lot of misconception that CBD will get you high. It will not. All right, so hemp, marijuana, cannabis what does it all mean?
Cannabis, okay let's just say is the family name. Underneath that you then have hemp and you have marijuana. The two main differences are that marijuana has high levels of THC—the bit that gets you high. Whereas hemp, industrial hemp has naturally low levels of THC so it will not get you high. It’s abundant in all the CBD terpenes and flavonoids that bring you all the benefits.
In a nutshell, those are the main differences, and the questions around is it gonna get me high and all this kind of stuff. No it's not. CBD products will not get you high, okay. In fact the CBD will counteract the effect of any minimum levels of THC. So no, not at all. It's simply not gonna happen. So there's no fear, there's no fear in that.
Now, hemp itself is an incredibly versatile plant and it's played a real important role when you go back in history. You know in the production of ropes, clothes, paper, a whole load of stuff. Hemp has been around I think something silly like 8000 years before Christ, hemp has been around. So it's been around a while, all right.
Now CBD has obviously given this particular plant a bit of a resurrection. Of course, we're fighting the misconception and its relationship with marijuana. Okay, people getting high and people smoking weed and all this kind of stuff. It's not the same thing, okay. We need to just separate the two things out. Industrial hemp and marijuana are not the same thing. Marijuana will get you high. Industrial hemp will not.
All right, let's have a think about some other bits. Now an average batch of say marijuana, probably contains anything between 5 to 20% levels of THC content. A premium marijuana probably has something like 25 to 30% THC. Now in industrial hemp, which is where CBD products are sourced from, must have and does have less than .3% THC content in that. So that is trace, so that is non-detectable—you're gonna be fine.
So when I look at certain brands that are out there and I look at the athletes that are taking it, you know you’ve got people like George Kruis who's England second row, who has his own CBD brand and that has .3% level of THC. He's running around playing for England. Life is good. So don't stress.
All right so let's just touch on the different types of let's say extraction and the combinations and the terminology behind CBD products. Let's start with whole plant extract. That is taking all of the plant, CO2 extracting it and you're getting all of the cannabinoids in there, of which there are many—CBD being one of them. The flavonoids, the terpenes, the benefits that they provide and that's all coming together as a whole plant extract or full spectrum.
Then you've also got a distillate which is a broad spectrum. So what they're doing there is they're taking bits out. For example, the THC, they can take that bit out so there's literally 0%. So anybody that is concerned, for whatever reason, about the level of THC, a broad spectrum will have a 0% level of THC. It won't necessarily have all of the cannabinoids, the terpenes, and flavonoids that you'd see in a full spectrum, okay.
Entourage is another type of CBD product and the idea behind that is that you're taking the best of lots of different plants, mixing them all together and essentially getting the best of everything, okay.
Then you also have CBD isolate it kinda says what it says on the tin really. In an isolate they've taken the CBD and they've isolated it and it comes in a powder form and is used for mixing to create other things like soaps and face balms and some CBD edibles and things like that. So the CBD isolate is literally that. They've isolated the CBD itself, nothing else, and it's used in other manufacturing processes, okay.
So just before I carry on, I just wanna touch on the terminology behind CBD. Right, so let's just clear this up. The chemical compounds found within the cannabis plant are referred to as cannabinoids. Okay, so cannabinoids is the terminology used to describe the compounds found within the cannabis plant.
Now then, those cannabinoids are then listed as THC, CBD, CBC, CBG and others. There's like a hundred of different types of cannabinoids. When we're talking about CBD that's just one of the cannabinoids found within a product, okay.
Now, when you're talking about full spectrum you're going to get everything. The THC, the CBD, the CBN, the CBC, the CBG, etc. That's why it’s proven that a full spectrum is gonna give you bits of everything.
When you're talking about broad spectrum or a distillate you're separating these things out. Okay, so you're separating out the THC you're perhaps isolating or separating out the CBD or the CBN and so on, okay. So that's what that relates to.
THC is tetrahydrocannabinol. You've then got CBD which is cannabidiol. You've got CBN which is cannabinol. You've then got CBC which is canna, I can't pronounce this word, canna-be-chromiere . And then you've got CBG which is cannabigerol. All of which provide slightly different benefits.
CBD carries the most amount of benefits, complimented by the other bits. All right so that's a just a little on the phrase CBD. CBD is just one of the cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant of which there are many. There you go. I'm no scientist, by the way can you tell?
Then what you have is you've got various products on the different types of oils there are. Some will be on a hemp seed oil, some will be on olive oil, coconut oil, MCT oil, and all these really are about bioavailability. So how it can, how the CBD, how the product sits on these oils and then goes into the body.
Now it's all about absorption. How quickly it can get into your body either through sublingually so that's a couple of drops under the tongue into the small capillaries that are situated under the tongue, then absorbing into your body and away it goes.
Now most studies have shown that a MCT oil is the best. Coconut oil being after that because it has naturally 50 odd percent worth of MCT in there, as well. Then really, you know it's preference over taste and so on. But often in terms of whether it then goes to like hemp oil, olive oil and so on and often that's where you see a price point difference.
A hemp seed oil with CBD you'll probably find that the price point is on the lower side. If you've got a full spectrum oil which is on a MCT oil then the price point is probably going to be a little bit higher. That's the reason why. It's because of the combination between the CBD carrier and the type of CBD: whether there's a full spectrum, a distillate, or whole plant or broad spectrum. They're gonna be your differences, okay.
What else? Now in terms of how you can take CBD, there are lots of different ways and it’s down to personal preference as to how you wanna take them. What you do need to know is that depending on how you take it depends on how quickly you see the effects and how long that's going to last. Also, how much of the CBD you're actually going to feel the benefit of.
For example, if you're taking say for example you've got a 500 milligram bottle. In fact, let me just touch on this. On the bottles what you'll often find is a percentage which is really confusing. 5%, 10%, 15% you know for me before I got into this I was thinking, well, 5% of what? You know it's really hard to understand.
What you need to find is how many milligrams of CBD is in that bottle, okay. That will give you the content of CBD you've got in there. All right so you're looking to the back. Say for example you had a 500 milligram bottle let's say for argument sake that that bottle was 15 mil. So you got 500 divided by 15 mils that's 33 milligrams or just over per millilitre.
Now in most cases a pipette—so that's the squidgy bit the glass thing and you suck it up—that is generally around .7 millilitres, all right. So if you take your 33.3 and you times that by .7 let's say which is a whole filled level of pipette. That's 23 milligrams in that pipette, okay.
Now for most people that are starting out I would suggest you start out slow and you start out low, all right. So anything between 10 to 20 milligrams, you know depends what you're taking it for. If you're just taking it for just general wellbeing you can feel the benefits on just 15 milligrams.
If you're taking it for particular conditions or to get a particular type of benefit then you may find something around 25 milligrams a day is gonna work for you. Anything up to like you know 100 milligrams maybe even more. Can you overdose on this? No you can't.
Are there side effects? Very, very minimal. I think the only ones that I've really heard of is those that take too much feel a little bit groggy, tired, and lethargic. Some have said they get a bit of like a stomachache. So you've gotta start slow and then you gotta gradually build up.
So start on yeah that sort of 10 to 20 milligrams. So if you're trying to take you know 10 to 20 milligrams a day. That is going to be, let's think about it there's 23 in a 500 milligram bottle that's 15 millilitres one full pipette is 23 milligrams. Half a pipette and you're good to go, all right.
Now on our website, there is a CBD calculator on there where you can put in the milligrams that were on the bottle, the size of the bottle, how many milligrams you wanna take per day let's say 10 or 20 and then it will tell you how many drops you need to be taking or how many millilitres you need to be taking per day.
That really does help, cause there's a bit of confusion around that. You know taking two or three drops of 500 milligram versus two or three drops of a 1500 milligram is gonna get you some very different results okay. So you need to be careful on that.
Now where was I? Oh yeah—talking about ways to take it. There are CBD oils, tinctures and that's in a dropper as I've just been talking about. So that’s a dropper where you can literally put it under the tongue and take a couple of drops. Now put it under the tongue—don't suck or lick the pipette cause otherwise you're gonna contaminate your oil when you put the pipette back into the bottle.
So you should use a couple of drops under the tongue, once you've understood what dosage you need to be taking. Instead of a pipette you can have a CBD spray and that's just, yeah, a different method of spraying it into your mouth.. Again, you're spraying it under the tongue.
I suppose the thing with the spray is you know one spray gives a certain dosage. That makes it a little easier in terms of controlling your dosage. Sometimes it’s hard, unless you're standing in front of a mirror, to understand: How many drops have I taken? Yeah with the spray and dropper there's no difference in the two. It's just how you're taking it.
Then you can vape it.The vaping industry in the UK is huge and a lot of it is around flavours, all right. Now I'm gonna do a separate podcast on vapes because it's quite a big subject in terms of heavy metals and types of cartridges you want to be taking, the power required to heat the element, the heating element itself, the CBD content, PGVG, non-PGVG, all that stuff. There's quite a big subject in there, so I'm gonna do a separate podcast on that.
Now essentially a lot of it is around flavour. There's lots of different flavors you can grab. Taking a vape gets it into your lungs and gets into those blood vessels very, very quickly. So it's a very quick release, but it simply doesn't last as long, all right.
Then we've got capsules. Great for controlling dose however, there's a however here, if you take a capsule it goes through your digestive system and some of that CBD is gonna get lost through that digestive process. You’re probably gonna need to know that the max absorption of something like that—if you're taking a 25 milligram capsule you ain't gonna get all that 25 milligrams of CBD, all right. That's what you need to know.
So yeah, you can take it as a capsule. How else can you take it? Edibles, lots of edibles are kinda in the same way as capsules to be fair. They're just wrapping it up in chocolate or CBD gummy bears or whatever you can think of. Quite a large proportion of that CBD content is gonna get taken up by the digestive process and you're not gonna get the full whack of that CBD content in there.
Drinks! The drinks market is now exploding a little bit. There's some great products out there from waters to carbonated drinks with CBD content in there. Again it's going through the digestive system but can be absorbed a little better because it's a liquid.
What else is there? So we've gone through CBD oils, droppers, sprays, you've got vaping... oh balms! So you've got an actual topical CBD balm which you can apply directly to your skin. Great for things like dry skin, eczema, that type of stuff. You're applying it directly to the area and again it's gonna absorb through the skin and give you those benefits.
Now in most cases these CBD balms will have other stuff in it. For example things like shea butter, rapeseed oil, rosemary that kind of stuff, all right. So in most cases you've got like a 300 milligram tub and I personally, recovering from ACL reconstructive surgery, meniscus tear and cartilage damage I'm now two, three months on just under three months on and I use a CBD balm on my knee every evening. It does a world of good.
All right so that’s all you're different types. I've covered oil, yep I've covered CBD content. I've covered the plant. I think that's about it for the time being. I am gonna delve in more as we do more of these CBD Casts to try and give you as much information as I possibly can because it is a little bit of a confusing market. Still a little bit misunderstood and we as an industry need to educate need to give you guys as much information as possible.
So who's next on the seat? I have Matt Murphy. Matt Murphy is the guy in charge of Feel Supreme and he is coming on to tell me, how he got into CBD, his brand, why he has the product he has, why he's chosen to go down the route he has and that's gonna be fascinating. I'm really, I'm really looking forward to that. When am I seeing him? That will come out in a couple of weeks.
We also have lined up the guys from FourFiveCBD so George Kruis, Dom Day two rugby players that have created their own brand off the back of their own ailments and constant battering on the rugby field. They were fed up of taking paracetamol and ibuprofen and decided to get on board with the CBD movement and have now created their brand and they're going great guns. So they will be on hopefully speaking to them towards the end of this month.
We'll also have customers on as well. Joe you're a star. Thank you so much for agreeing to be the next customer that's going to be on the podcast. So check out how he started taking CBD mainly for—a bit like me—on the road all the time traveling, work, busy lifestyle, family man used to be very sporty back in the day, niggling injuries, poor sleep qualities—all these kind of things, and now feeling right as rain. He'll be on as well.
The other thing I do want to cover off actually before we say goodbye is CBD’s inability to make any medical claims. Obviously this product is currently classified as a food supplement or a novel food in fact. So we are not able as an industry to make any medical claims. Now when you go onto Google and start writing "CBD for" and you starting writing arthritis, colitis—all these other things You will find a ton of information on there.
Most of this will come from the states because their legal position on medical marijuana and cannabis is very different to ours in the UK. We are governed by the MHRA which means that we’re simply just not allowed. We're not allowed to say it. There aren't enough clinical examples of it.
If you go speak to your doctor they will probably not say much about it either because their hands are a little bit tied as to what they can and can't say about it. Now medical cannabis can be prescribed by certain doctors for certain things. So we have relaxed our laws in that respect. Okay but you are gonna struggle and you're not gonna find somebody who's within our market who's gonna tell you “Yep take CBD for” because they're just not allowed to.
Okay, we have to be really careful with this otherwise we're gonna set ourselves up to fail. And when regulation comes aboard you know we will have to meet those standards. You know it's a case of: the information is out there and taking CBD has benefits for a variety of things: inflammation, increased sleep quality, and all these kind of things. But we simply cannot yeah say: “Take CBD for…” We're not allowed to do that, all right. So if you're struggling to find information like that that is why, okay.
So yeah, I think that pretty much wraps it up. If you've got any questions about any of this stuff then please do drop me a message, leave a comment. Please give our podcast a rating. It really helps. That really does help us. All right until the next time Thank you very much I appreciate you guys listening and I'll see you again soon. Bye.